街燈車 由師傳操控升降，其升降高度可由(15米至43米)，大機會要街燈車師傳OT時，請於book 街燈車前提前知會師傳。街燈車OT 以1小時作單位，不足1小時仍計算1小時。同時需預留15分鐘時間予街燈車收腳。另外，街燈車OT 3小時當一更錢。在不同位置開工時，都要轉位費，大約15分鐘路程內可協商。
在租機易App 網上落單，15米街燈車1分鐘內師傳就會回覆。街燈車在農曆新年前兩個月為旺季, 一般工作為排招牌、外牆油漆、清潔及修榭等工作，15米街燈車為最常見的車種, 提早一天前在租機易落單, 師傳會安排回電﹐到時你WHATAPP 現場照片及把工作內容與師傳溝通清楚, 師傳便會為你預留時間開工。18米街燈車及23米街燈車 可提早兩天以上安排, 25-32米街燈車 需要提早5天安排, 32米以上的街燈車, 由於比較少車, 需提早一星期在租機易 落單以作安排。
如果工程超過一天, 叫升降台 比較實惠。一星期租金及來回運費都只是$4000 起 。 可到
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Environment of Care Manual
Title: ELEVATED WORK AREA Fall HAZARD PROTECTION PROGRAM
Policy #: EC-58
This program establishes minimum performance requirements for practices and procedures to protect employees and contractors from hazards of falls when working in elevated work areas such as rooftops, platforms and aerial lifts at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC).
This document serves to comply with the OSHA Standard 29CFR 1926 Subpart M, Fall Protection, OSHA 29CFR 1910.23, Guarding floor and wall openings and holes, OSHA 29CFR 1910.66, OSHA 29CFR 1910.132, Powered platforms for building maintenance, and OSHA 29CFR 1910.269, Electric Power Generation, Transmission, and Distribution.
This program applies to departments and contractors working in all BIDMC buildings and leased areas.
Policy Statement: All BIDMC employees and contractors must be protected from falling when working on a surface that has an unprotected side or edge, which is 6 feet or more above an adjacent lower level, or when working from bucket trucks or other personnel lifts with articulating booms.
Fall Protection Program –
Fall Protection Programs are designed to protect personnel from the risk of falls when working at elevated heights. Recognized components include:
A. Fall Prevention – a structural design to limit a fall to the same level (e.g., guardrails, positioning/restraint systems).
B. Fall Arrest System – an approved full body harness, shock absorbing lanyard or self retractable lifeline, locking snap hooks and anchor points approved for a static load of 5000 pounds or engineered to meet a two to one safety factor.
C. Aerial Lift – Vehicle mounted elevating work platform (e.g. Boom Lifts, Articulating Telescoping Boom Lifts).
D. Competent Person
– A person who is capable of identifying existing and predictable hazards in the surroundings or working conditions which are hazardous to personnel and who has authorization to quickly correct the situation.
E. Qualified Person – A person with a recognized degree or professional certificate, (e.g. civil or mechanical engineering profession or Certified Safety Professional) and/or extensive knowledge and experience in this area, capable of doing design, analysis, evaluation and specifications.
– ANSI (American National Standards Institute) defines certification as documentation that determines criteria meets the requirements of the standard through testing or proven analytical method (e.g. engineering calculations) or both, carried out under the supervision of a Qualified Person.
Environmental, Health and Safety (EH&S) DIRECTOR
EH&S will develop, maintain, distribute, and provide oversight for this policy in accordance with all applicable federal and state regulations, and best industry practices. EH&S staff have the responsibility and authority to halt any unsafe practices not in accordance with this policy. EH&S has the responsibility for assisting departments in developing appropriate fall protection plans, providing technical guidance and assisting with employee training.
Departments and Contractors
Departments and contractors are required to comply with this policy and all program elements. Departments and contractors have the primary responsibility for providing fall protection systems, appropriate training, and have the responsibility and authority to halt any unsafe practices not in accordance with this policy.
Supervisors have the primary responsibility for properly identifying fall hazards and the implementation of the Fall Protection Program in their work area. The supervisor should be a competent person, as defined by OSHA, or ensure that responsibility for the competent person is assigned to a qualified individual within the work group. OSHA defines a competent person as:
A person who is capable of identifying existing and predictable hazards in the surroundings or identifying working conditions which are hazardous or dangerous to employees and
Who has authorization to take prompt corrective measures to eliminate them.
Supervisors are to provide appropriate training and must assure that only trained individuals are assigned work that requires use of fall protection systems (other than guardrails). Supervisors have the responsibility and authority to halt any unsafe practices not in accordance with this policy.
All BIDMC and contractor employees have the primary responsibility for proper care, use and inspection of their assigned fall protection equipment
Each employee who may be exposed to fall hazards will be trained to recognize the hazards and the procedures to follow to minimize the hazards. A competent person (as defined in Definitions section D) will provide the training.
The training should cover the following areas:
Fall hazards in the work area
Correct procedures for erecting, maintaining, disassembling and inspecting the fall protection systems used
Use of ladders
Ladder rating system
Hard hat areas
Eliminating trip hazards
Keeping construction areas free of debris
Use and operation of the fall protection systems used
Role of employees in fall protection plans
What rescue procedures to follow in case of a fall
Overview of the OSHA fall protection standards
A training record will be maintained for each employee by their supervisor. The record will contain the name of the employee trained, date of training and the signature of the person who conducted the training. Retraining should be done if there is a change in the fall protection system being used or if an employee’s actions demonstrate that the employee has not retained the understanding or skills important to fall protection.
Fall Protection Systems:
One of the following systems should be in place whenever an employee is exposed to a fall of greater than six feet. Fall Protection Systems include a Guardrail Systems and Personal Fall Arrest Systems. (SEE ATTACHMENT A FOR Systems List)
A. Complete system
1) If a fall occurs, the employee should not be able to free fall more than 6 feet nor contact a lower level.
2) To ensure this, add the height of the worker, the lanyard length and an elongation length of 3.5 feet. Using this formula, a six-foot worker with a six-foot lanyard would require a tie-off point at least 15.5 feet above the next lower level.
3) A personal fall arrest system that was subjected to an impact needs to be removed from service immediately.
4) Personal fall arrest systems need to be inspected prior to each use and damaged or deteriorated components removed from service.
5) Personal fall arrest systems should not be attached to guardrails or hoists.
B. Work from Aerial Lifts and Self Powered Work Platforms
Body harnesses must be worn with a shock-absorbing lanyard (preferably not to exceed 3 feet in length) and must be worn when working from an elevated work platform (exception: scissor lifts and telescoping lifts that can move only vertically do not require the use of a harness and lanyard as long as the work platform is protected by a guardrail system). The point of attachment must be the lift’s boom or work platform. Personnel cannot attach lanyards to adjacent poles, structures or equipment while they are working from the aerial lift. Personnel cannot move an aerial lift while the boom is in an elevated working position and the operator is inside of the lift platform.
C. Warning Line Systems and Controlled Access Zones
Warning line systems and work in controlled access zones must be developed in accordance with OSHA regulation 1926.502 and must be approved by EH&S or their designee before employees are exposed to fall hazards.
D. Monitoring System
OSHA emphasizes that safety-monitoring systems are a last resort and may only be used when other systems are infeasible or present a greater hazard. Monitoring systems must be developed in accordance with OSHA regulation 1926.502 and must be approved by EH&S or their designees before employees are exposed to fall hazards.
The employee will inspect the entire personal fall arrest system prior to every use. The competent person will inspect the entire system in use at the initial installation and weekly thereafter. All fall protection equipment shall be inspected before each use in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. Proper inspection should include inspecting the harness, “D” rings/back pads, buckles, tongue/grommet, tongue buckle, friction and matting buckles, and lanyard hardware. (SEE ATTACHMENT B FOR INSPECTION INSTRUCTIONS)
A: Fall Protection Systems List
B: Fall Protection Inspection Instructions
Vice President Sponsor: Walter Armstrong, SVP, Capital Facilities and Engineering
T EOC Committee: 11/9/16 W. Armstrong & K. Sands
Requestor Name: Gary Schweon, Director EH&S
Original Date Approved: 9/12/2007
Next Review Date: 11/1/19
Revised: 10/10, 10/13, 11/16
BIDMC FALL PROTECTION PROGRAM
EC-58 ATTACHMENT A (FALL PROTECTION SYSTEMS LIST)
Fall Protection Systems:
One of the following systems should be in place whenever an employee is exposed to a fall of greater than six feet. Fall Protection Systems include a Guardrail Systems and Personal Fall Arrest Systems
Guardrails are needed at the edge of work areas 6 feet or more in height to protect employees from falling. This includes the edge of excavations greater than six feet in depth. Guardrail systems need to meet the following criteria:
Top rail is 42 inches, +/- 3 inches above the walking/working level
Personal Fall Arrest Systems
Personnel requiring the use of personal fall protection equipment shall employ the “Buddy System” or have an observer to render assistance when and if required.
There are three main components to the personal fall arrest system. This includes the personal protective equipment the employee wears, the connecting devices and the anchorage point. Prior to tying off to perform the work a means of rescue in the event of a fall must be immediately available. The system needs to meet the following criteria for each component:
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
1) Full body harnesses are required. The use of body belts is prohibited.
2) The attachment point of the body harness is the center D-ring on the back.
3) Employees must always tie off at or above the D ring of the harness except when using lanyards 3 feet or less in length.
4) Harnesses or lanyards that have been subjected to an impact load shall be destroyed.
5) Load testing shall not be performed on fall protection equipment.
1) This device can be a rope or web lanyard, rope grab or retractable lifeline.
2) Only locking snaphooks may be used.
3) Horizontal lifelines will be designed by a qualified person and installed in accordance with the design requirements.
4) Lanyards and vertical lifelines need a minimum breaking strength of 5,000 pounds.
5) Lanyards may not be clipped back to itself (e.g. around an anchor point) unless specifically designed to do so.
6) If vertical lifelines are used, each employee will be attached to a separate lifeline.
7) Lifelines need to be protected against being cut or abraded
1) Secure anchor points are the most critical component when employees must use fall arrest equipment. BIMDC buildings may have existing structures (e.g., steel beams that may meet the criteria for a secure anchor point). Other work locations and assignments may require the installation of a temporary or permanent anchor. As a minimum, the following criteria must be considered for each type of anchor point:
2) Structure must be sound and capable of withstanding a 5000 lb. static load/person attached.
3) Structure/anchor must be easily accessible to avoid fall hazards during hook up.
4) Direct tying off around sharp edged structures can reduce breaking strength by 70% therefore; chafing pads or abrasion resistant straps must be used around sharp edged structures to prevent cutting action against safety lanyards or lifelines.
5) Structures used as anchor points must be at the worker’s shoulder level or higher to limit free fall to 6 feet or less and prevent contact with any lower level (exception – when self retracting lifelines and or 3 foot lanyards are used)
6) Choose structures for anchor points th
at will prevent swing fall hazards. Potentially dangerous “pendulum” like swing falls can result when a worker moves horizontally away from a fixed anchor point and falls. The arc of the swing produces as much energy as a vertical free fall and the hazard of swinging into an obstruction becomes a major factor. Raising the height of the anchor point can reduce the angle of the arc and the force of the swing. Horizontal lifelines can help maintain the attachment point overhead and limit the fall vertically. A qualified person must design a horizontal lifeline.
Permanent Anchor Requirements
In addition to all the criteria listed above, the following points must be considered:
1) Environmental factors and dissimilarity of materials can degrade exposed anchors.
2) Compatibility of permanent anchors with employee’s fall arrest equipment.
3) A competent person must perform a load test on all permanent anchors at least every 10 years.
4) Inclusion of permanent anchors into a Preventive Maintenance Program with scheduled annual visible inspections.
5) Visibly label permanent anchors.
6) Anchors must be immediately removed from service and re-certified if subjected to fall arrest forces.
Reusable Temporary Anchors
1) Reusable temporary roof anchors must be installed and used following the manufacturer’s installation guidelines.
2) Roof anchors must be compatible with employee’s fall arrest equipment.
3) Roof anchors must be removed from service at the completion of the job and inspected prior to reuse following the manufacturer’s inspection guidelines.
4) Roof anchors must be immediately removed from service and disposed of if subjected to fall arrest forces.
BIDMC FALL PROTECTION PROGRAM
EC-58 ATTACHMENT B (INSPECTIONS)
The employee will inspect the entire personal fall arrest system prior to every use. The competent person will inspect the entire system in use at the initial installation and weekly thereafter. All fall protection equipment shall be inspected before each use in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. Proper inspection should include inspecting the harness, “D” rings/back pads, buckles, tongue/grommet, tongue buckle, friction and matting buckles, and lanyard hardware.
Inspect the entire surface of webbing for damage. Beginning at one end, bend the webbing in an inverted “U”. Holding the body side of the belt toward you, grasp the belt with your hands six to eight inches apart. This surface tension makes the damaged fibers or cuts easier to see. Watch for frayed edges, broken fibers, pulled stitches, cuts, burns, and chemical damage.
D” Rings/Back Pads
Check “D” rings for distortion, cracks, breaks, and rough or sharp edges. The “D” ring should pivot freely. “D” ring back pads should also be inspected for damage.
Attachment of Buckles
Note any unusual wear, frayed or cut fiber, or distortion of the buckles.
The tongue receives heavy wear from repeated buckling and unbuckling. Inspect for loose, distorted or broken grommets. The webbing should not have any additional punched holes.
Buckle tongues should be free of distortion in shape and motion. They should overlap the buckle frame and move freely back and forth in their socket. The roller should turn freely on the frame. Check for distortion or sharp edges.
Friction and Mating Buckles
Inspect the buckle for distortion. The outer bars and center bars must be straight. Pay special attention to corners and attachment points of the center bar.
Lanyard Inspection Hardware
Snaps: Inspect closely for hook and eye distortions, cracks, corrosion, or pitted surfaces. The keeper (latch) should seat into the nose without binding and should not be distorted or obstructed. The keeper spring should exert sufficient force to firmly close the keeper. Keeper locks must prevent the keeper from opening when the keeper closes.
Thimbles: The thimble must be firmly seated in the eye of the splice, and splice should have no loose or cut strands. The edges of the thimble must be free of sharp edges, distortion, or cracks.
While bending the webbing over a curved surface such as a pipe, observe each side of the webbed lanyard. This will reveal any cuts or breaks. Examine the webbing for swelling, discoloration, cracks, or burns. Observe closely for any breaks in the stitching.
Rotation of the rope lanyard while inspecting from end to end will bring to light any fuzzy, worn, broken or cut fibers. Weakened areas from extreme loads will appear as a noticeable change from the original diameter. The rope diameter should be uniform throughout, following a short break-in period. Make sure the rope has no knots tied in it. Knots can reduce the strength of the rope by up to 60%.
Shock-absorbing lanyards should be examined as a web lanyard. However, also look for signs of deployment. If the lanyard shows signs of having been put under load (e.g. torn out stitching), remove it from service.